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Sixth/Twelfth-Century Zaydī Theologians of Yemen Debating Avicennan Philosophy

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dc.contributor.author Ansari, Hassan
dc.contributor.author Schmidtke, Sabine
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-08T20:51:58Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-08T20:51:58Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.citation Hassan Ansari and Sabine Schmidtke, "Sixth/Twelfth-Century Zaydī Theologians of Yemen Debating Avicennan Philosophy," Shii Studies Review 5 (2021) en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12111/7934
dc.description.abstract This article offers critical editions of three texts by Zaydī theologians of sixth/twelfth-century Yemen refuting philosophical notions. The three texts are Qāḍī Jaʿfar b. Aḥmad b. ʿAbd al-Salām al-Buhlūlī’s (d. 573/1177–78) Kitāb al-Risāla al-munāṣifa li-l-mutakallimīn wa-l-falāsifa (Masʾalat al-nafs) and two tracts by al-Ḥasan al-Raṣṣāṣ (d. 584/1188), Masʾala fī ibṭāl al-qawl bi-talāzum al-hayūlā wa-l-ṣūra wa-anna l-jism murakkab minhumā, a refutation of hylomorphism, and al-Masʾala al-kāshifa ʿan buṭlān shubhat al-falāsifa, a refutation of the philosophers’ doctrine of the eternity of the world. Qāḍī Jaʿfar’s tract, of which only a fragment has come down to us, contains four extensive quotations from an unidentified philosophical work. These are strikingly similar to those cited by Rukn al-Dīn Ibn al-Malāḥimī (d. 536/1141) in his Tuḥfat al-mutakallimīn fī l-radd ʿalā l-falāsifa; likewise, Qāḍī Jaʿfar’s responses to the arguments of the philosophers closely resemble those given by Ibn al-Malāḥimī. However, a comparison of the relevant passages shows that the possibility that Qāḍī Jaʿfar had consulted Ibn al-Malāḥimī’s Tuḥfa as his source can safely be excluded. Both rather seemed to have relied on a common and so far unidentified source, possibly written by a Muʿtazilī author. Qāḍī Jaʿfar’s tract is thus another early Muʿtazilī critique of Avicennan philosophy that can shed some additional light on the reception of Ibn Sīnā’s (d. 428/1037) philosophy among the mutakallimūn before Ibn al-Malāḥimī. en_US
dc.publisher Shii Stidies Review (Brill) en_US
dc.subject al-Ḥasan b. Muḥammad al-Raṣṣāṣ (d. 584/1188) en_US
dc.subject Qāḍī Jaʿfar b. Aḥmad b. ʿAbd al-Salām al-Buhlūlī (d. 573/1177–78) en_US
dc.subject Zaydism en_US
dc.subject Yemen en_US
dc.subject kalām en_US
dc.subject philosophy en_US
dc.subject Muʿtazilism en_US
dc.subject Rukn al-Dīn Ibn al-Malāḥimī (d. 536/1141) en_US
dc.subject Tuḥfat al-mutakallimīn fī l-radd ʿalā l-falāsifa en_US
dc.subject al-Ghazālī en_US
dc.subject Maqāṣid al-falāsifa en_US
dc.subject al-Maḍnūn ʿalā ghayr ahlihi en_US
dc.subject human soul en_US
dc.subject Ibn Sīnā en_US
dc.title Sixth/Twelfth-Century Zaydī Theologians of Yemen Debating Avicennan Philosophy en_US
dc.type Journal article en_US
dc.identifier.orcid 0000-0002-6181-5065


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